Bible Quiz Question#2:

Here is the answer to Bible Quiz Question #2

According to the Bible, the calendar day begins at sunrise, sunset or midnight?

Answer: Sunset. This is straightforward from Genesis:

In the beginning אֱלֹהִים Elohiym[1] created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the רוּחַ ruach[2] breath of אֱלֹהִים Elohiym was hovering over the face of the waters. Then אֱלֹהִים Elohiym said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. And אֱלֹהִים Elohiym saw the light, that it was good; and אֱלֹהִים Elohiym divided the light from the darkness. אֱלֹהִים Elohiym called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day. (Genesis 1:1-5 KJp)

Please notice the order in this paragraph. Darkness then light. Evening then morning. This is the historic pattern followed by Israel even up to today.

Let’s take a look at Shabbat, the day of rest, the 4th of the ten commandments begins on Friday at sunset.

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it קֹדֶשׁ qodesh[3], to set it apart. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of יְהֹוָה Yehovah[4] thy אֱלֹהִים Elohiym: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days יְהֹוָה Yehovah made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore יְהֹוָה Yehovah blessed the sabbath day, and קֹדֶשׁ qodesh, set it apart. (Exodus 20:8-11 KJp)

This begins at sunset and ends at sunset according to the Bible. Many Jews in our day start early on Friday to prepare food for the party that Sabbath is. The orthodox Jews begin the Sabbath early with a candle lighting ceremony and extend it beyond the next sunset for reasons pertaining to their special man-made rules[5]. In the text of Exodus 5:21, the 4th commandment Sabbath is a day that Yehovah blessed and set apart.

[1] The plural form of the name. Translated God in most places.

[2] Mainly translated as Holy Spirit but consider that our life began when Elohiym breathed into us.

[3] Commonly translated as Holy. But because the word is also used to describe lepers and people who perform unclean acts, set apart is a more appropriate translation. Set yourselves apart from the world and live cleanly before God is a good way to look at it.

[4] The name of God that is forbidden to be uttered by Orthodox Jews and the Pope. Presented here in its form as found in Strong’s concordance translating יְהֹוָה. I sometimes use the form YeHoVaH to highlight the vowels and consonants.

[5] Traditions of the Rabbi’s.

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